Category Archives: Corporate & Business Matters Practice Area

SAM Client Alert: It’s Time to (Re-)Register Your DMCA Agent

Regardless of whether your company has previously designated an agent to receive notification of claimed infringement under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (the “DMCA”)—a United States copyright law which, among other things, provides certain safe harbors for internet service providers who may host infringing material—it’s time to do it (again).

Effective as of December 1, 2016, the United States Copyright Office (the “Office”) issued its final rule (codified as 201 CFR Part 201) regarding designation of DMCA agents via the Office’s new electronic system. Under the new rule, any service provider that previously designated a DMCA Agent must resubmit through the electronic system by December 31, 2017, or it will lose safe harbor protection notwithstanding any prior registration.

If you need to register, or re-register, here’s what you should do:

  • Create an Account. In order to designate a DMCA agent using the new system, you must create an account. You may also engage a third party, including your legal counsel, to complete the registration on your behalf.
  • Register Your Company. Once an account has been created, you or your designated representative can log in and register your company and its current agent within the system. The fee for online registration is $6 per designation, which is a substantial savings compared to the paper-based system’s fees of $140 or more.
  • Designate Your Agent. You may determine your agent in one of a number of ways, as it can be (1) an individual, (2) a title or position at your company, (3) a specific department within your company, or (4) a third party. You must then provide the name, address, phone number, and email address of the agent. If you do elect to register an individual agent, be sure to promptly amend the registration if that person departs your company or the relevant role within your company.
  • Verify Your Information. Verify that the information on your website matches the information you are submitting to the Office, and that both are correct. Failing to maintain accurate information and failing to ensure that the two match each create a risk of losing safe harbor protection under the final rule.
  • Re-Register Every Three Years. The Office’s electronic system will send automated reminders to review and renew your designation, and for that reason you should be sure to register with regularly monitored contact information to ensure you receive the reminders. You will also need to re-register upon any change in your agent, even if prior to the required renewal time; doing so will reset the clock on your renewal period.

If you haven’t registered a DMCA Agent, you should do it now—and if you have, you should renew. Failing to follow the new online DMCA agent designation procedures by the end of 2017 may result in the loss important legal protections.

For more information on this and other Safe Harbor topics, contact Nick Feldman at nfeldman@stubbsalderton.com or (818) 444-4500. Nick’s practice focuses on corporate transactions, including mergers and acquisitions, dispositions, private equity transactions and general corporate matters for both public and private clients, focusing on middle-market and emerging growth companies. In addition, Nick counsels companies in connection with entity formation, corporate governance, federal and state securities laws and compliance, joint ventures, employee incentive plans, executive employment agreements and other executive compensation matters.

 

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Six Stubbs Alderton & Markiles’ Attorneys Listed as 2017 Southern California Super Lawyers

Stubbs Alderton & Markiles, LLP is pleased to announce that six lawyers have been named to the 2017 Southern California Super Lawyers. Super Lawyers is a rating service of outstanding lawyers from more than 70 practice areas who have attained a high-degree of peer recognition and professional achievement. The patented selection process includes independent research, peer nominations and peer evaluations.

Super Lawyers Magazine features the list and profiles of selected attorneys and is distributed to attorneys in the state or region and the ABA-accredited law school libraries. Super Lawyers is also published as a special section in leading city and regional magazines across the country. Lawyers are selected to a Super Lawyers list in all 50 states and Washington, D.C.

Stubbs Alderton & Markiles, LLP would like to congratulate the following attorneys named to the 2017 Super Lawyers list –

Scott Alderton - Super LawyersScott Alderton is a founding partner of the Firm, Managing Partner, and a member of the Firm’s Executive Committee.  Scott is co-chair of the Firm’s Venture Capital and Emerging Growth Practice Group and chair’s the Firm’s Interactive Entertainment and Video Games Group. Scott advises both public and private clients across a number of industries, including technology, manufacturing and distribution of goods in commerce, finance, the Internet, interactive video games, and new media industries.

Joe Stubbs - Super LawyersJoe Stubbs is a founding partner of the Firm, and a member of the Firm’s Executive Committee. He is co-chair of the Firm’s Venture Capital and Emerging Growth Practice Group, and of the Firm’s Mergers and Acquisitions Practice Group. Joe practices in the areas of corporate and securities law, emphasizing the corporate representation of both publicly-held and privately-held emerging growth and middle-market companies, venture capital and private equity firms, angel investment groups and investment banks.

Michael Sherman - Super LawyersMichael Sherman is an accomplished trial lawyer in high-stakes, “bet-the-company” litigation, and has represented both large and early-stage companies as well as entrepreneurs in all facets of business and complex commercial litigation. He has evenly split his litigation practice on both the plaintiff and defense side of cases, has first-chaired numerous trials in complex matters in industries as varied as energy, securities, healthcare, environmental, consumer products, technology, project development/finance, advertising, real estate and apparel, and is highly skilled in class actions and unfair competition law.

Jeffrey F. GershJeff Gersh - Super Lawyers is a Partner of the Firm. He has litigated, arbitrated, or mediated complex business and commercial matters, for both plaintiffs and defendants, whether individuals, public or private corporations, partnerships, limited liability companies and/or its members, shareholders and partners, involving various types of disputes, including contract matters, trade secrets, intellectual property (trademarks, copyrights and trade dress) negligence and fraud, employment, real estate, license agreements, the apparel and garment industry, and general business matters.

Kevin Debre - Super LawyersKevin D. DeBré is the chair of the Firm’s Intellectual Property & Technology Transactions Practice Group.  Kevin advises entrepreneurs and companies that use intellectual property to build their businesses.  Kevin has particular expertise in structuring and negotiating technology commercialization and patent licenses, strategic alliances, research and development collaborations, trademark licensing and brand merchandising agreements and manufacturing, distribution and marketing arrangements.  He also counsels clients on compliance with data security and privacy laws and regulations.

Tony Keats is a partner of the Firm and Co-chair of the Trademark and Copyright Practice Tony Keats - Super LawyersGroup. Tony’s almost three decade legal career has focused on both the legal and business protection of brands and creative content from consumer products to entertainment, from designer goods to the Internet. Since he commenced practice, he has provided counsel and has litigated cases on behalf of many of the world’s largest consumer product and entertainment companies, as well as individual entrepreneurs, actors, and musicians. Tony’s litigation background also includes related commercial matters involving unfair competition, contract disputes, rights of publicity violations, business torts, domain name infringement, and idea submission claims.

The official Super Lawyers 2017 publication can be read in its entirety here.

For more information about Stubbs Alderton & Markiles, contact Heidi Hubbeling at hhubbeling@stubbsalderton.com or (310) 746-9803.

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Stubbs Alderton & Markiles, LLP Names New Partner and Senior Counsel

Los Angeles, CA – Stubbs Alderton & Markiles, LLP one of Southern California’s top business law firms, has announced the promotion of two attorneys within its ranks.

Sean Greaney has been promoted to Partner, effective January 1, 2017.  Sean’s practice focuses on corporate transactions, mergers and acquisitions, private equity transactions, and general corporate matters for both public and private clients, focusing on middle-market, emerging growth and development stage companies.  In addition, Sean counsels companies in connection with company formation process, SEC reporting requirements and registrations, federal and state securities laws and compliance, corporate governance issues, joint ventures, employee incentive plans and executive employment agreements.

Caroline Cherkassky has been promoted to Senior Counsel, effective January 1, 2017.  Caroline’s practice focuses on advising emerging growth, development stage, and middle market companies on a variety of matters, including venture capital and other financings, employee compensation, securities laws compliance, technology transactions, corporate governance, and other general corporate matters. She also advises the funds and other investors that invest in these types of companies.

Managing Partner Scott Alderton stated, “It is particularly gratifying to us when we promote from within.  Both Sean and Caroline are very talented lawyers who have consistently demonstrated technical excellence and great client service.  We are proud to welcome Sean into our Partnership and to recognize Caroline’s accomplishments with her promotion to Senior Counsel.”

For more information about Stubbs Alderton & Markiles, visit www.stubbsalderton.com or email info@stubbsalderton.com.

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Indemnification and Advancement of Directors and Officers for a Utah Corporation Doing Business in California

Corporate counsel is asked to make many decisions on behalf of a corporate client. A corporate client may seek advice on choice of law selection or where it should incorporate. At the initial founding stages, many clients do not consider that the place of incorporation and choice of law will affect the corporation’s obligations to indemnify and advance expenses to directors and officers.sealofutahstateseal

For this analysis, even if the client chooses to incorporate in Utah, if most of its business is being performed in California, it will be deemed a “quasi-California” corporation pursuant to California Corporations Code section 2115 and will be made subject to several California laws regulating corporations.[1] If the corporation wants to initiate a lawsuit against a director or officer that has failed to act in the best interest of the corporation, counsel must consider where the corporation should file the lawsuit. Crucial to this consideration is that California and Utah have different standards for granting indemnification and advancement of expenses. The choice of forum will dictate the requirements and obligations of the corporation to advance and indemnify its officers and directors.

Indemnification:

A Utah corporation that meets the requirements set forth in California Corporations Code section 2115 will be deemed a “quasi-California” corporation and will be subject to a host of expressly delineated laws regulating out-of-state corporations. Included in the list of applicable provisions is California Corporations Code section 317, California’s law on indemnification and advancement. Section 317(e) provides the law on indemnification:

“any indemnification under this section shall be made by the corporation only if authorized in the specific case, upon a determination that indemnification of the agent is proper in the circumstances because the agent has met the applicable standard of conduct …”

The indemnification provision of section 317 is limited by a standard of conduct determination, meaning that the corporation will have some ability to control who receives indemnification and who does not. The standard of conduct set forth in section 317(b) requires a determination that the person to be indemnified “acted in good faith and in a manner the person reasonably believed to be in the best interest of the corporation…” By comparison, the indemnification statute in Utah operates the same way, requiring the corporation to make a determination that the person to be indemnified has met the applicable standard of conduct and has taken action in good faith and in a manner he or she reasonably believed was in the best interest of the corporation.[2] With little variance between the indemnification provisions in California and Utah, it could be expected that the law on advancement would also be similar. But that would be an incorrect assumption.

Advancement:

The Utah statute on advancement is similar to the indemnification statute, requiring that, “a determination is made that the facts then known to those making the determination would not preclude indemnification…”[3] However, unlike the Utah statute, the advancement provision in California is not limited by a standard of conduct determination, or any determination at all. Instead, the California advancement statute states:

“Expenses incurred in defending any proceeding may be advanced by the corporation prior to the final disposition of the proceeding upon receipt of an undertaking by or on behalf of the agent to repay that amount if it shall be determined ultimately that the agent is not entitled to be indemnified as authorized in this section.”

See Cal. Corp. Code § 317(f).

The only requirement for advancement under California law is that the person seeking advancement deliver an undertaking to repay the amount advanced if it is ultimately determined that he or she is not entitled to be indemnified. It is unclear whether the delivery of an undertaking requires anything more than a written promise to pay back any amounts advanced.

This is an important and interesting distinction between California and Utah law, and one that counsel must consider in evaluating disputes between a Utah corporation and its officers and directors. The result of choosing to apply California law is that the corporation might be obligated to provide advancement to its directors and officers without any determination of whether that person meets the applicable standard of conduct, limiting its ability to deny advancement those who have acted outside the best interests of the corporation.

[1] For the full list of provisions quasi-California corporations are made subject to, see California Corporations Code § 2115(b).

[2] Utah Revised Business Corporation Act 16-10a-902(1).

[3] Utah Revised Business Corporation Act 16-10a-904(1).

gina-correia_092-2-300x200

For more information about this topic, contact Gina Correia at (818) 444-4500 or gcorreia@stubbsalderton.com.  Gina Correia is a litigation associate of the Firm. Gina’s practice focuses on all stages of business litigation. Prior to joining the firm, Gina worked in-house as a business affairs law clerk for HBO. Gina’s prior experience in the entertainment industry focused on talent engagement negotiations including drafting contract request, calculating actor, producer, and writer fees for top-tier talent, and evaluating comprehensive deal points. Gina also previously worked for The Los Angeles Office of the District Attorney in the Consumer Protection Division where she researched and analyzed wire-tapping violations under Penal Code and Federal Trade Commission guidelines.

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Doing Business in California: “Quasi-California” Corporations Made Subject to California’s Corporate Laws

smallerMany, but not all, provisions of the California Corporations Code expressly apply if a private, out-of-state corporation has a sufficient “presence” in California (called a “quasi-California” corporation.) An out-of-state corporation is treated as a “quasi-California” corporation, and thus subject to specified provisions of California Corporations Code, if (1) more than half its business (based upon a three-factor formula including property, payroll, and sales) is done in California (the “doing-business” test); and, (2) more than half of its voting securities are held of record by persons having addresses within the state of California (the “voting-shares” test).[1]

For analysis, hypothetical SmallCorp, Inc. is incorporated outside of California with substantially all of its business performed inside California.

Hypothetical Illustration: Does SmallCorp, Inc. Satisfy the Requirements of § 2115(a) to Qualify as a “Quasi-California” Corporation?

 A.    The “Doing-Business” Test

To satisfy the “doing-business” test, a corporation must do more than half of its business in California. The three “doing-business” factors are: (1) property, (2) payroll, and (3) sales. The first question is whether the proportion of a company’s property, payroll, and sales in California compared to the company’s total property, payroll, and sales is more than 50 percent during its latest full income year. (See Corp. Code §2115(a)(1).)

To determine whether the factors meet the one-half doing business requirement, sections 25129, 25132, and 25134 of the Revenue and Taxation Code define the factors as follows and provide the necessary equations:

· the property factor is a fraction, the numerator of which is the average value of the taxpayer’s real and tangible personal property owned or rented and used in this state during the taxable year and the denominator of which is the average value of all the taxpayer’s real and tangible personal property owned or rented and used during the taxable year;

· the payroll factor is a fraction, the numerator of which is the total amount paid in this state during the taxable year by the taxpayer for compensation, and the denominator of which is the total compensation paid everywhere during the taxable year; and

· the sales factor is a fraction, the numerator of which is the total sales of the taxpayer in this state during the taxable year, and the denominator of which is the total sales of the taxpayer everywhere during the taxable year.

Thus, if the average of the property factor, the payroll factor, and the sales factor is greater than 50 percent during its latest full income year, the “doing-business” test is satisfied.

Assume SmallCorp owns property such as products, machinery, office equipment, and also rents office space in California. SmallCorp does not own or rent any property in any other state. So, the equation is as follows:

(1) Property —-> property in CA / all property    =   1/1       = 100%

SmallCorp has several employees, 90% of whom live and work in California. Accordingly, SmallCorp pays 90% of total compensation paid to all SmallCorp employees to those who live and work within California, as demonstrated below:

(2) Payroll —>   amounts paid in compensation in CA / total amounts paid in compensation =  9/10  = 90%

For this hypothetical, because the first two factors result in 100% and 90% of business performed in California, even if 0% of sales, the next factor, occurred in California, SmallCorp would still do more than one-half of its business in California, satisfying the “quasi-California” requirements. Assuming SmallCorp has no sales in California, the equation is as follows:

(3) Sales —>  ​sales in CA / all sales   =  0/1   =    0%

This conclusion is reached by taking the average of 100%, 90%, and 0%, then dividing the total sum (190%), by the count (3) which equals 63.3% of SmallCorp’s business is done in California.

For a more representative hypothetical, assume that SmallCorp does 70% of its sales in California. If sales are 70% in California, the amount of total business performed in California is 86%, using the same formula: (total sum ÷ count). Accordingly, the proportion of a SmallCorp’s property, payroll, and sales in California compared to the company’s total property, payroll, and sales is more than 50 percent and the “doing-business” test is satisfied.

B.     The “Voting-Shares” Test

The second test is whether the corporation’s outstanding voting securities held of record by persons with California addresses is greater than 50 percent. (See Corp Code §2115(a)(2)).

Assume there are two voting shareholders in SmallCorp: Arnold and Ford. Arnold’s address is in Hermosa Beach, California. Ford’s address is in Orange County, California. Thus, both shareholders of voting securities have addresses in California. The “voting-shares” test is satisfied because 100% of SmallCorp’s shareholders have addresses in California.

​SmallCorp will qualify as a “quasi-California” corporation under section 2115(a) because more than 50 percent of its business is done in California and more than 50 percent of its voting shares are held by shareholders with addresses in California. As such, corporate counsel should consider the additional requirements that California will place on a corporation that is “doing business” in California pursuant to section 2115(b), including the imposition of specific sections of the California Corporations Code.[2] For that reason, this long-arm statute’s constitutionality has been called into question by courts of other jurisdictions.

gina-correia_092-2-300x200Gina Correia is a litigation associate of the Firm. Gina’s practice focuses on all stages of business litigation. Prior to joining the firm, Gina worked in-house as a business affairs law clerk for HBO. Gina’s prior experience in the entertainment industry focused on talent engagement negotiations including drafting contract request, calculating actor, producer, and writer fees for top-tier talent, and evaluating comprehensive deal points. Gina also previously worked for The Los Angeles Office of the District Attorney in the Consumer Protection Division where she researched and analyzed wire-tapping violations under Penal Code and Federal Trade Commission guidelines.

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Scott Alderton Featured Speaker at South Bay Economic Forecast Annual Event at CSU Dominguez Hills

 

Scott_Alderton_cropStubbs Alderton & Markiles’ Partner Scott Alderton was a featured panelist at South Bay Economic Forecast’s annual event at Cal State Unviversity Dominguez Hills Thursday, October 27th. Scott spoke about how new technology businesses often face road blocks in regards to policy and regulation.

For more information, click here.

To learn more about our Venture Capital & Emerging Growth practice, contact Scott Alderton at (818) 444-4500 or salderton@stubbsalderton.com

 

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Stubbs Alderton & Markiles Represents Client NEOGOV in Investment by Warburg Pincus

ngv-logo_2015-1Stubbs Alderton & Markiles’ client NEOGOV, the leading talent management software platform focused on government, education and public sector clients announced that Warburg Pincus, a global private equity firm focused on growth investing has invested in them. Terms of the transaction were not disclosed.

Founded in 2000, NEOGOV provides market-leading software-as-a-service (SaaS) talent management solutions to automate and streamline the recruitment, onboarding and performance evaluation processes for government and other public sector institutions. NEOGOV’s software is designed specifically for the unique human capital management requirements of these complex and regulated end-markets and serves more than 1,500 organizations including over 40% of the largest U.S. cities and more than 20 state customers.

“The team at NEOGOV has built the leading provider of human capital management software to the public sector,” said Alex Berzofsky, Managing Director, Warburg Pincus. “We are excited to invest in the company and partner with the NEOGOV management team as they continue to broaden the product platform and identify additional opportunities to serve their large and growing customer base.”

“Warburg Pincus has deep experience in cloud-based software and the firm will be a valuable partner as we continue to focus on growing our whole talent management suite tailored for the local government sector,” said Damir Davidovic, Founder and Chief Executive Officer of NEOGOV. “With this investment, we plan to enhance our product offerings, serve more customers and accelerate growth of the business.”

“As more companies continue to use SaaS-based systems to deliver HR solutions, we see a significant growth opportunity for NEOGOV given it is configurable specifically for the needs of the public sector, where fewer organizations have adopted these technologies,” said Brian Chang, Principal, Warburg Pincus.

Stubbs Alderton attorneys representing NEOGOV in this deal were Sean Greaney and Scott Alderton.

About NEOGOV
NEOGOV HR software automates the entire hiring, onboarding and performance evaluation process, including position requisition approval, automatic minimum qualification screening, test statistics and analysis, and EEO reporting. NEOGOV works with more than 1,500 federal, state and local government, universities and K-12 organizations nationwide, ranging in size from 100 to over 100,000 employees, including agencies such as the State of South Carolina, the State of Tennessee, City of Dallas, TX; City of Houston, TX; Baltimore County, MD; City and County of Denver, CO; City and County of Honolulu, HI; City of Nashville, TN; and more than 25% of California’s Counties, including Santa Clara County, San Bernardino County, San Diego County, Los Angeles County, and Orange County. Because NEOGOV’s solutions are both easy-to-use and fast to implement, it is able to offer a public sector model that is low risk, but offers a high ROI at the same time.

About Warburg Pincus
Warburg Pincus LLC is a leading global private equity firm focused on growth investing. The firm has more than $40 billion in private equity assets under management. The firm’s active portfolio of more than 120 companies is highly diversified by stage, sector and geography. Warburg Pincus is an experienced partner to management teams seeking to build durable companies with sustainable value. Founded in 1966, Warburg Pincus has raised 15 private equity funds, which have invested more than $58 billion in over 760 companies in more than 40 countries. Warburg Pincus has been an active investor in SaaS companies, with current investments including The Gordian Group, DocuTAP, Liaison International, PayScale, and Avalara, among others.

About Stubbs Alderton & Markiles, LLP
Stubbs Alderton & Markiles, LLP is a business law firm with robust corporate, public securities, mergers and acquisitions, entertainment, intellectual property, brand protection and business litigation practice groups focusing on the representation of, among others, venture backed emerging growth companies, middle market public companies, large technology companies, entertainment and digital media companies, investors, venture capital funds, investment bankers and underwriters. The firm’s clients represent the full spectrum of Southern California business with a concentration in the technology, entertainment, videogame, apparel and medical device sectors. Our mission is to provide technically excellent legal services in a consistent, highly-responsive and service-oriented manner with an entrepreneurial and practical business perspective. These principles are the hallmarks of our Firm. www.stubbsalderton.com 

For more information about our Venture Capital & Emerging Growth Practice, contact Sean Greaney at sgreaney@stubbsalderton.com or (818) 444-4554

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SAM Attorney Louis Wharton Represents Michelle Gaster Wasserman in Employment Deal with Adam Lippes

 

michelle-gaster-wassermanSAM Client Michelle Gaster Wasserman, who most recently led the North America e-commerce business for Coach, Inc. has been named the new CEO for Adam Lippes.  SAM Partner Louis Wharton represented Gaster Wasserman in negotiating the employment deal.

To read the full press release, click here.

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Stubbs Alderton & Markiles, LLP Announces Launch of SAM Legal Triage™

SAM High Res Logo 1SAM believes every business venture should have a solid legal foundation. To that end, SAM has partnered with Traklight to help identify your company’s strengths and weaknesses and to provide a road map for investment readiness, future growth and execution of exit strategies. Stubbs Alderton has implemented SAM Legal Triage™, an in-depth questionnaire that will enable entrepreneurs to understand the elements needed to achieve success whether their business venture is high-tech, brick and mortar, B2B, SaaS or mom and pop.

For more information and to take the FREE 10-minute questionnaire, visit www.stubbsalderton.com/sam-legal-triage.

About Traklight

Traklight is the only self-guided software platform that creates your custom intellectual property strategy. By empowering small businesses, entrepreneurs, and inventors to identify their intellectual property (IP), Traklight enables them to protect and leverage their ideas, and to become more educated about the strategies, costs, and implications of their IP.

About Stubbs Alderton & Markiles, LLP

Stubbs Alderton & Markiles, LLP is a business law firm with robust corporate, public securities, mergers and acquisitions, entertainment, intellectual property, brand protection and business litigation practice groups focusing on the representation of, among others, venture backed emerging growth companies, middle market public companies, large technology companies, entertainment and digital media companies, investors, venture capital funds, investment bankers and underwriters. The firm’s clients represent the full spectrum of Southern California business with a concentration in the technology, entertainment, videogame, apparel and medical device sectors. Our mission is to provide technically excellent legal services in a consistent, highly-responsive and service-oriented manner with an entrepreneurial and practical business perspective. These principles are the hallmarks of our Firm.

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SAM Client KINBE Launches Indiegogo Campaign

 

SAM client KINBE, a producer of adjustable shoes for growing babies, just announced that they have launched an Indiegogo campaign with the mission of raising $25,000 by September 1, 2016.  To contribute to their campaign visit https://igg.me/at/DoQySS-Ia3o/x 

KINBE MoccsKINBE has developed an innovative, yet chic moccasin that cuts the number of baby shoes you purchase in half. Made in the USA with 100% genuine leather, Kinbe Moccs offer babies and parents a fun, stylish and practical alternative to regular baby shoes.

Still not convinced? A portion of all KINBE Kids proceeds (including this Indiegogo campaign) will go toward helping create loving homes for children without one. They have partnered with a non-profit organization whose mission is to rescue and love orphaned children in Guatemala. Meeting physical needs is important but without love children cannot thrive. Part of the shoes profits will go toward funding family style homes for these children.

KINBE is a lifestyle children’s brand whose goal is to inspire and nurture the next generation one child at a time. Their hope is to create products that spread love to children around the world.

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